Bumps on Skin After Sun Exposure
Bumps on skin after sun exposure are not something one should worry about too much. However, one needs to prevent further sun exposure, and take proper care of the itchy skin bumps after sun exposure with an appropriate remedy.
Sun Allergies and Symptoms
Sometimes, when the skin is exposed to the sun, one gets a sun allergy (photosensitivity), which is a reaction of the immune system to the sunlight. Given below are the most common types of sun allergies.
Solar Urticaria: One gets large itchy red bumps on skin after sun exposure in solar urticaria. This is a rare form of hives, which happens when exposed to ultraviolet light.
Photoallergic Eruption: One gets this allergy on the skin part where sunscreens or other products have been used. After sun exposure, one develops a skin rash, chills, headache and nausea.
Polymorphous Light Eruption (PMLE): In this, one experiences white itchy bumps on skin after sun exposure. There is also redness, burning, blistering and swelling in PMLE. A person might also experience nausea, chills and headache.
Actinic Prurigo (hereditary PMLE): One develops itchy bumps on skin after sun exposure in actinic prurigo. After severe scratching, the skin becomes crusty and scaly, and looks similar to the skin disorder, eczema.
Treatment for Sun Allergies
There are many natural home remedies which one can use when suffering from a sun allergy. Allopathic treatments using creams are also very effective and provide good relief from itching and redness of the skin.
Natural Treatment: Natural remedies are recommended for people who are suffering from long term allergic reaction to the sun. Cut a aloe vera leaf lengthwise, and apply the gel inside the leaf on the affected area. This will immediately soothe the skin and help heal the skin. You can also dab some fresh milk to the affected area. Soaking in an oatmeal bath for itchy skin is another treatment of sun allergy. It reduces itching and rehydrates the skin.
Allopathic Treatment: For a mild rash, apply ice compresses to the affected skin. You can also take an antihistamine for allergy relief. There are anti-itch creams available over the counter. Buy a cream which has corticosteroid (betametasone 0.1% concentration) or a cream containing zinc oxide.
Follow the important precautions given below to avoid sun allergies, and to prevent further aggravation of the affected skin.
- When going out in the sun, wear full sleeved clothes and pants, a wide brimmed hat and sunglasses. Women can tie a big scarf around the head to protect the head and neck.
- Keep drinking a lot of water when out in the sun, to keep yourself well hydrated.
- Use a generous amount of sunscreen on the skin which is exposed to the sun. Buy a sunscreen which is water-resistant, and has a minimum SPF 30.
- For vitamin D, eat healthy food containing vitamin D, instead of exposing yourself to the sun for this vitamin.
- Always avoid tanning beds, as UV light from the tanning beds causes wrinkles on the skin and can lead to skin cancer.
- Cover children in full protective clothing, and apply sunscreen on their skin to protect the skin from sun exposure.
If you take the above mentioned precautions, you will eliminate any sun allergy to a great extent, and avoid the nasty itchy bumps on skin after sun exposure. However, if you notice a mole which looks different from the other bumps or spots on the skin, this could be a sign of skin cancer. In such a case, it is important to consult a dermatologist, as skin cancer can be treated easily if detected in its early stages.